All posts by Gary Campbell

Alexander Murchison
104th Regiment of Foot

Alexander Mercherson was a native of the parish of Kilmere on the Isle of Skye.  He was born about 1766.  When the New Brunswick Regiment of Fencible Infantry (later the 104th (New Brunswick) Regiment of Foot) was raised in 1803, one of the recruiting parties was sent to the Highlands of Scotland.  Mercherson (also spelled Murcherson and Murchison) was one of those recruited there.  He joined the regiment in October 1804, probably at Inverness, at the age of 38.  He may have been married at the time.  His wife was Barbara Macketche, a native of Inverness.  The Scottish recruits arrived in Fredericton on 20 September 1805 accompanied by seventeen women and forty-eight children.  Mercherson served as a private soldier for all of his career.

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John Allen
New Brunswick Fencibles

John Allen was born in Wilmot, Nova Scotia on 17 June 1784.  He was the only son of Lieutenant Colonel Isaac Allen who commanded the 2nd Battalion, New Jersey Volunteers during the American Revolution.  After the war, he moved his family first to Nova Scotia and then to New Brunswick where he received a grant of 2,000 acres of land at Kingsclear, just north of Fredericton.

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New Brunswick Fencibles

John Harvey
6th Royal Garrison Battalion

This application is sponsored by the Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia.

Major General Sir John Harvey had a long and distinguished career both as a soldier and as a colonial administrator.  In addition to serving during the Napoleonic Wars, including the War of 1812 in North America, he was also the Lieutenant Governor of the four Atlantic Provinces.

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6th Royal Garrison Battalion

Thomas Raymond
Royal Navy

This application is sponsored by the Border Historical Society, Eastport, Maine

Thomas Raymond joined the Royal Navy on 17 August 1801 as a midshipman.  He served on HMS Rattlesnake (sloop, 6th rate, 16 guns) until April 1810 when he briefly served on HMS Courageux (ship of the line, 3rd rate, 74 guns).  In December 1810, he passed his Lieutenant’s examination.  Through his training, he qualified as a (Sailing) Master which meant that he was responsible for the ship’s navigation.  From 20 January 1812 to 23 March 1814, he served on HMS Comet (sloop, 6th rate, 18 guns).  He then transferred to HMS Niobe (frigate, 5th rate, 38 guns) as the Master and served on her from September to October 1814.  Niobe had been built as the French ship Diane and was captured by the British in 1800 off Malta.  Raymond’s last ship was HMS Menai (sloop, 6th rate, 26 guns).  He served on her as the Master from 15 October 1814 to 22 January 1817.  While it is not known where he served, it would be reasonable to think that his first years of service were with the Channel Fleet that was blockading Napoleonic France.  It appears that Niobe and Menai were employed in North American waters, most likely on convoy or anti-privateer duties.

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Walter St. John
102nd Regiment of Foot

This application is sponsored by the Border Historical Society, Eastport, Maine.

Walter St. John was commissioned as an Ensign in the 64th Regiment of Foot on 24 December 1804.  The regiment was serving in Barbados.  When the 64th was transferred to Surinam in mid-1805, St. John remained in Barbados and joined the 46th (South Devonshire) Regiment of Foot that was part of the garrison there.  He was promoted to Captain in 1806.  The 46th participated in the capture of the French islands of Martinique in 1809 and Guadeloupe in 1810.  St. John most likely participated in these attacks.  The 46th returned to England in late 1811.  Following garrison duty there, the 46th was ordered to Australia in August 1813.  St. John again changed regiments and joined the 102nd Regiment of Foot in July 1813.

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John Winslow
41st Regiment of Foot

This application is sponsored by the Town of Woodstock, New Brunswick and the Carleton County Historical Society.

John Francis Wentworth Winslow was the son of a prominent Loyalist, Judge Edward Winslow.  He was named after John Wentworth, the Governor of Nova Scotia, and his wife, Frances, who was also the mistress of the Duke of Kent, Queen Victoria’s father.  As one of ten children of a large, but impoverished, prominent Loyalist family, Winslow sought a career in the British army, joining at the age of 16 on 14 December 1809.  Perhaps it was through family influence that he was commissioned as a Lieutenant, first in the Nova Scotia Fencibles, and he later transferred to the 41st Regiment of Foot that was stationed in the Canadas.

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41st Regiment of Foot

George Morehouse
New Brunswick Fencibles

This application is sponsored by the City of Fredericton, New Brunswick.

George Morehouse was the son of Daniel Morehouse of Queensbury, New Brunswick.  His father had been a sergeant-major and quartermaster of the Queens Rangers and received a Loyalist land grant following the American Revolution.  He later rose to the rank of major in the New Brunswick Militia and commanded the 2nd Battalion Carleton County Militia, headquartered at Woodstock, from 1810 to 1818.  Major Morehouse was instrumental in providing assistance to military activity along the upper Saint John River during the war.  Major Morehouse was charged with guiding men of the 104th (New Brunswick) Regiment of Foot to their post at Eel River in July 1812, and drilled the men of the 104th at that station in October of that year.  He was later mentioned in the spring of 1814 as having aided in the conveyance of seaman from the Maritimes to Canada, where they were to join the British squadron on Lake Ontario.  He also spent some time chasing a suspected American agent who was operating in the Woodstock area.

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New Brunswick Fencibles

John Jenkins
Glengarry Light Infantry

This application is sponsored by the City of Fredericton, New Brunswick.

A War of 1812 Hero Returns Home

By Robert Dallison, 20 March 2013

Captain John Jenkins returned to Fredericton a crippled war hero of great acclaim. From a respected Loyalist family, he was born in 1786 in New Brunswick. He was described “as a tall, fine looking young man,” one of six siblings, two of which were half brothers. He developed a close attachment to his Kingsclear family home and to the neighbors, the Winslows. Judge Edward Winslow noted in a letter that Jenkins was “as usual” a constant visitor. Although Edward Winslow Junior was a close personal friend, young Penelope Winslow held a particular attraction.

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James MacLauchlan
104th Regiment of Foot

This application is sponsored by the City of Fredericton, New Brunswick

James A. MacLauchlan was a leading figure in the early history of the Upper St. John River.  As both a government official and a militia officer, he helped to shape the outcome of the boundary dispute between Great Britain and the United States.  To quote W. Austin Squires,

“He was one of the best known men in the upper valley.”

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104th Regiment of Foot

Andrew Rainsford
104th Regiment of Foot

This application is sponsored by the City of Fredericton, New Brunswick.

Andrew William Rainsford was the third son of Captain, the Honourable Andrew Rainsford, who was the Receiver General of His Majesty’s Quit Rents in West Florida from 1774 until it was captured by the Spanish in 1781.  He was also active in military affairs serving as the Fort-Adjutant and Barrack-Master at Fort George.  After the end of the revolution, he and his family came to New Brunswick as Loyalists.  Andrew Rainsford held several public offices including Receiver General for the province and Deputy Barrack Master General.  Five of his sons later served in the military.

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104th Regiment of Foot